Make sure your essay is legible, neatly written, and divided into three paragraphs (introduction, body, conclusion).
Read through your essay several times after writing it to curb spelling and grammatical errors.
Stick to the topic exactly when writing. Straying from the topic will result in an unsatisfactory grade.
Formulate your narrative with easy-to-understand sentences. A reader who does not know your thoughts should be able to follow the story effortlessly. In each sentence there is a new statement that leads the reader further.
No-go's in essay writing:
Youth language such as mega, cool, super, bro, awesome. Use quality vocabulary of standard language.
Unrealistic and implausible actions. Basically, you are expected to describe an experience that you could have had yourself. Therefore, refrain from fantasy elements, such as talking to animals, as long as the task does not explicitly ask for a fantasy story.
Colloquial abbreviations and expressions. Examples: How's it going / Let's go! / I heard it once, too. → The essay is to be written in standard language throughout.
At the end of the essay write "End".
Drawing on the page or drawing hearts as i-dots. This indicates childlike behavior and suggests poor maturity for gymnasium.
Essays for primary students
Writing German essays (primary students)
Primary students in year 5/6
It should not be a simple list of occurrences: First we took lift up the mountain. There we bought ice cream. Then we walked back down the steep path. Afterwards we were all tired.
Students are expected to think independently for themselves and make judgements about their immediate surroundings. They should be able to correctly interpret everyday situations and react appropriately to the actions of the people around them. They should also put their feelings on paper.
Students should be able to express different emotions: anger, joy, envy, desire, fear, pride, hate, etc. Be descriptive! Don't write: On Saturday we left for our holiday. Write: We had to be at the airport early on Saturday in order to catch our flight to Tunisia. (This makes the text longer and also gives us more information about the student's holiday.)
You have eyes – Write what you see and what goes through your head! You have ears – Write what you thought when you heard it. You have a mouth – Write how you reacted to something that was said. You have a mind – Tell us your thoughts. You have a heart – Describe how you feel. Are you proud, disappointed, annoyed, etc.
This is what makes an essay seem alive and interesting. Tell us about yourself and your life. Share your thoughts with us.
Some teachers tell students to use as many adjectives as possible. Unfortunately, this usually makes the essay boring, because students tend to add unfitting adjectives before every second noun.
Writing German essays (secondary school students)
Secondary stage I
An essay must be divided into three paragraphs in terms of content and appearance. The introduction has the function of informing the reader factually and informatively about the core topic. The main part contains the narrative or argumentation and the final part is expected to contain a conclusion, reflection or personal opinion on the thesis.
An essay is a formal text type. Colloquial and casual phrases and terms are not desired in the German essay. Rather, students should present their vocabulary at the entrance examination from its best side and try to use high-quality and demanding formulations.
With a Discussion If the thesis is examined from the point of view of opponents and proponents. A balanced number of arguments should be presented convincingly. The 3-B rule can be used: Assertion, Reason, Proof. No argument should simply be thrown into the room without appropriate explanations.
With a Narration a realistic event from the author's personal environment is usually expected. No one can verify whether a situation was personally experienced. However, it should be conveyed to the reader in a credible way that this event took place. Therefore, surreal or implausible actions should be avoided. Also the essay ending "Then I woke up and it was all just a dream" is rather undesirable.
While discussions are formulated completely factually and neutrally, it makes a narrative more authentic and exciting if the emotional level is included. Through the Writing with all senses (Visuals, smells, sounds, sensations, feelings and thoughts), the reader succeeds in immersing himself in the narrated world and experiencing it to some extent. This is how a text is perceived as interesting.